Literally every garden has pears. But in order to have a good harvest, and pear could bear fruit, you need to make a little effort, including timely feeding the tree in the fall. This will not only enhance the immunity of the tree to various diseases, but also directly affect the taste and appearance of the fruit. In our article we will talk about what constitutes the autumn feeding of pears, than its peculiarity.
Why pear autumn dressing
Autumn dressing will allow the tree to replenish the spent useful trace elements for the entire growing season, while giving strength to resist the adverse fall in temperature in winter.
In the process of fruiting pear loses a lot of strength and additional food it becomes necessary. This is not just an opportunity to significantly improve the immunity of the plant, but guarantee of successful wintering and good harvest next season.
Does tree yield depend on additional fertilizing in autumn
The productivity of a pear fully depends on its condition, the creation of optimal growth conditions and of course on the availability of the required number of micronutrients necessary for fruiting. To get a good harvest, it is recommended to fertilize the plant correctly in the fall.
Feeding is done in the area of the pre-circle. These manipulations should begin after the full harvest of fruits, when a third of the foliage has already turned yellow.Top dressing is done in the area of the pre-circle when a third of the foliage has already turned yellow.
You can feed a tree already in the second year sprouting You do not need to do this before. But this is only under the condition that the necessary amount of fertilizer was applied to the pit during planting. This complex of nutrients is just enough for a couple of years. Well, and then you need to feed the pear.
Features fertilization in the fall
It is recommended to master all the subtleties of the autumn recharge in order for the pear to go off normally after hibernation. After all, the lack of beneficial trace elements is as dangerous as their surplus. Need to know the "middle ground". If the tree has little power, it will be difficult to recover after the winter, and if there is a lot of it, it will wake up early. What if spring frosts? This is also not good.
Perform initial autumn fertilization costs in Septemberimmediately after harvest. In this case, it is better to use potassium and phosphorus fertilizers. The procedure will allow the wood to develop properly and provide budding for the winter.
The later you feed the plant, the less time it has to prepare for wintering.
As soon as all the foliage has fallen, and you have cut off the old branches, you can proceed to the second stage of the autumn feeding. Here you can use fertilizers with boric acid, potassium, phosphorus, zinc, magnesium and copper. The main thing, no nitrogen - it will not let the tree fall asleep before wintering.The second feeding of the pear is done after pruning
One more important point: it is necessary plenty of water tree before winter period. For this you need for each pear two buckets of water.
Any fruit tree, including pear, you need time to get the right amount of nutrients. Otherwise, a good harvest and tasty fruits can be forgotten.
- The first time you need to feed a pear immediately after hibernation. Fertilizers need nitrogen, and it is important to water the plant well.
- Then you should fertilize the pear as soon as it appears. first flowers. Fertilizers must be nitrogenous.
- Mineral fertilizers are used in the autumn, when harvested and the leaves began to fall off.
When there is a drought outside, it is recommended to use foliar application nutrients. Because in the usual way, trace elements are unlikely to get to the root system. In this case, use only organic matter by spraying the crowns after sunset.Fertilization is prohibited without prior heavy irrigation.
How to fertilize a pear tree before winter
There is a huge amount of fertilizer that can be used to feed the pears. But when, how and in what quantity to use these or other complexes, how to fertilize them will be discussed later in our article.
It is possible to use organic matter to feed pears, but it is best to do it. in spring time. Practice shows that organic gives the best effect at this particular time. While in the fall you should pay attention to the mineral complexes.
Correct autumn top dressing is the use of mineral fertilizers. They can be bought at any specialty store or you can create it yourself. Consider one option in more detail below.
For mineral dressing, you need to dissolve one tablespoon in ten liters of water potassium chloride and two tablespoons superphosphate. It is recommended to make the solution not under the barrel, but into the pre-circle.Complete feed for pears
If you talk about the popular methods of feeding pears and other fruit trees in the fall, you can use wood ash. To do this, for each square meter of digging you need to evenly distribute about 150 g of ash.
Bookmark depth must be within 0.1-0.2 m. It is recommended to use such fertilizer both for mature trees and for young saplings.
It is important to remember about mulching trees after water and fertilizer. In this case, you can use peat, rotted humus or pine bark. The main thing is that the mulch will allow for a long time to retain moisture at the roots of the tree, while at the same time giving it the opportunity to feed on useful microelements in the soil for some time.
Compliance with simple rules and regular care will make your garden as prolific as possible, and the fruit tasty almost without investing money. Fertilizer expenditure is immaterial.
Moreover, you can always take advantage of popular improvised nutrients and recipes. There are many. The garden always will thank the good owner with a big and tasty harvest.