This type of tomato is very small and therefore it was given the name Cherry, which means Cherry. Of course, they are larger than cherries, but still small and look very beautiful on a bush. Consider the description and characteristics of the variety, the best types and order of cultivation of this tomato.
About Cherry Tomato
The birthplace of the species is considered South America, Peru. Now you can find these tomatoes on our private plots. And they are all different shades and shapes.Peru - the official birthplace of tomato cherry
Varieties of this species can be of different height from 358 cm to 2 m. Height. Stems elastic green. Green ordinary tomato leaf shaped plates. Fruits can differ in color:
The shape of the fruit is round, oval, strongly elongated elliptical.
All Cherry have small weight of berries 15-35 gr. depending on the variety.
These factors are the advantage to plant 5-6 Cherry bushes in their area.
Top 15 varieties
Now many varieties of Cherry are bred, which differ in shape and color, as well as in the height of the bush.
Red-colored berry can be many varieties:
- Lukoshko on the window;
- Cranberries in sugar;
And many more varieties of domestic and foreign selection.Red
Hybrid "Ira" - for cultivation in the open field or greenhouse. Do not crack in conservation fruits for the winter period. The fruits are claret oval, each individual tomato weighs 35 grams. ripening occurs in 95 days.Ira
This is a midrange hybrid. Finger Fruits are oval and strongly elongated in shape, resembling fingers, about 6 cm in length. Fruits are red in color, weight is 10-20 grams. bush height reaches 1 m.Little fingers
Very remarkable form of the form of "strawberry" - reminiscent of strawberries and the color corresponding bright red. Tomato weight is 35 grams. The height of the bush is average 100-130 cm.Strawberry
The subspecies "suite" is a popular hybrid on which the fruits ripen rather quickly. The period of fruiting is extended for a long period. The height of the bush with proper cultivation reaches 4 m. The size of a tomato is 2.5-3 cm., Red color and sugar taste.Sweet Cherry
The variety is short, compact, the fruits of yellow color weighing 15 gr. This species can be grown on window sills or in winter gardens.Yellow
Dr. Green Frosted
Height this bush with good care is over 2 m. The trunk is formed in 2-3 stems, fruits 25 gr. rich emerald color. Have a nutmeg flavor.Dr. Green Frosted
Medium-late ripening fruit is an elongated yellow color. Mass of a single tomato 20 gr. Bushes grow to the level of 150 cm. Bushes form 2-3 stems.Phenic Yellow
This is a variety of Italian selection. Fruits are round, red, weight 20 g. bushes grow up to 150 cm. Very long period of fruiting, tomatoes can be collected until the frost.
The height of the bush is 2 m., The shape of the fruit is oval, red, the weight of the individual fruit is 15 gr. The flesh is juicy and fleshy keeps its shape well in conservation. The variety requires constant fertilizing.Elf
Cherry Blossom F1
The variety is medium-tall 100 cm. And it shines early. Form in three stalks for receiving a big harvest. Tomatoes weighing 30 gr. red color, oval shape. Tomatoes are dense and do not crack. Resistant to diseases.Bloose F1
Height of a bush is 2 m. Mass of fruits 35 gr. they are shaped like a pear and have a bright yellow color. Absolutely resistant to different diseases. In the open ground can be grown only in the southern regions.White nutmeg
Amethyst cream cherry
Rare variety, the height of the bush reaches 180 cm. Mark. The fruits are cream with purple spots, the shape is round, the flesh is sweet and dense. Possess strong aroma. Have a long shelf life.Amethyst cream cherry
The bush is high up to 180 cm., The time of ripening of fruits is early, they form a bush only in one stem. Tomatoes are dense red and round. The mass of a separate tomato is 150g. Resistant to diseases and do not crack during conservation.Margol
The fruits of this type of cherry resemble green clusters of grapes. Bush grows to a height of 160 cm. upon reaching the color of the berries becomes amber-green. Mass of a separate fruit 25 gr.
On one bed you can grow a lot of different varieties of cherry, and then use different in color fruits in salads and canned.Green grapes
Which of these varieties are stunted
Of the above, only the variety Yellow has a small growth, but there are many other varieties.
- Rowan Beads;
- Golden bunch.
Cherry Tomato Growing
This is one of the most delicious tomatoes that grow in our gardens. Its remarkable feature is the small size of the fruit and the sugar of taste.
How to grow Cherry seedlings
To do this, remember the important points of growth of healthy seedlings:
- Seeds are planted in fertile and loose soil.
- To get a friendly shoots, a container with planted seeds covered with glass.
- Indoor air temperature should reach 27 degrees Celsius.
- Together where there are containers with future seedlings, there should be enough sunlight so that the sprouts, growing, do not stretch and become thinner.
We need to take care of the right place and good care of the growing tomato seedlings.
What substrate is needed for seedlings
The soil for growing Chery tomatoes should be nutritious. And not only in the tank for seedlings. The land set aside for the cultivation of tomato must be well fertilized with complex fertilizers.
Can i make up yourself, taking all in equal proportions:
- Sod land.
- Garden land.
Whatever the land should be sanitized before planting seeds.
To do this, it is shed a bright pink solution of manganese potassium. And you can use another method of disinfection - calcined compounded soil in a furnace at a temperature of 200 grams. 20 minutes.Complex fertilizer for tomato
In order for fruiting to occur at the beginning of summer, it is worth taking care of planting the seedlings. For this in late February - early March, seeds are sown in containers filled with fertile soil.
Watered and covered with glass. If planted under glass, this will help create greenhouse conditions, and shoots will be more friendly.
Where to plant
Already in their individual cups grow up to transplant for permanent residence.
It is necessary that the tanks, where the seedlings will be planted, have holes for draining excess water.
Transplantation of seedlings in open ground
The grown seedlings have a healthy appearance - green leaves, 15-20 cm tall, a thickened stem. Before transplanting seedlings into open ground, it is hardened. To this end, within 10 days, it is gradually accustomed to open air. First, it is carried out for a couple of hours, and then it will be possible to leave for the night.
Not much wood ash is added to the dug holes, they are shed with water and tomato seedlings are planted. After which they are covered with earth and compacted soil around the stem. If the region is already stable warm weather seedlings mulch mowed grass.
Cherry Tomato Care
Basic rules for the care of the bushes of tomatoes:
- Weed removal.
When the seedlings grow, you will need to form a bush in one stem. To do this, the emerging stepchildren twist once 7 days. If the cherry variety is tall, then it will be necessary to make him a support and, as the bush grows, tie him to this support so that it does not break under the weight of the sweeping pods.Weed grass interferes with the cultivation of any tomatoes
When planting a Cherry variety, it is worth making a distance between 50 cm seedlings.
Protection against diseases and pests
Sometimes it is possible to notice such diseases on tomatoes:
- Tomato Mosaic - with the appearance of this disease, the bush is removed and destroyed outside the garden;
- Late blight - sprayed with fungicides and for the sake of prevention they cut off those leaves that are located near ripening tomatoes;
- Cracking fruit - This suggests that the bushes get too much moisture and should be reduced watering.
It is easier to prevent diseases than to treat the whole garden with planted tomatoes.
Harvesting should be only when the fruit is fully ripe. Immature fruits of a rather sour taste. Overripe, fruits fall off.
The difference in the methods of growing Suspended and Rassadny
The seedling method was described above, now we will get acquainted with the suspended one. For this, Cherry must variety have such data:
- A variety with good branching and without stepchildren.
- The branches must be flexible so as not to break under the weight of the fruit.
Sow such tomatoes immediately in pots intended for hanging on open terraces. The term of planting seeds beginning of May.
Under such conditions tomatoes will be ripen before the onset of cold weather, later they are brought into the house and they continue to bear fruit, although not as abundantly as in summer, but still tomatoes will appear.
Varieties must be self-pollinated.Not every type of cherry can be grown in pots
Cherry Tomatoes are the kind of tomato that is worth trying to grow on home gardens. Because they have a beautiful appearance and high sugar content in their fruits.